Tuesday, June 2, 2009







The Revised Physical Fitness Test was conceived based from the finest books written by distinct expert in Physical fitness. The Fit kids, 1999, authored by Kenneth Cooper and The American College of Sports Medicine ( ACSM ) , are the sources of the Revised Physical Fitness Test.

Aparecio Mequi, the author of the Revised Physical Fitness Test manual, made some modifications on the different fitness test items to conform with the lifestyle of the Filipino children.

Body Mass Index (BMI), used by The Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) of the Department of Science and technology (DOST) to evaluate the nutritional status of students, enable us to know the fitness level of each students and discover his potential in sports. After knowing their strength and weakness, the teachers can determine what sports is best for their students.

Understanding Physical Fitness and its Components

Definitions of Physical Fitness

Physical Fitness is the capacity of each individual to accomplish daily task with alertness and vigor.

Components of Physical Fitness

1. Cardio-respiratory Endurance

Being able to do and continue physical activities involving the whole body

for a long period of time.

2. Muscular Strength

It is defined as the ability of the muscles to produce a person’s ability to

exert maximum force.

3. Flexibility

It is the ability of the muscles to move joints with ease through the normal

range of motion.

4. Speed

The ability to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of


5. Power

The ability to release maximum force very quickly. It is a combination of

speed and strength.

6. Coordination

The linking of the senses such as sight and hearing through the brain to

different parts of the body to produce smooth, quick and efficiently

controlled movement.

7. Balance

The ability to remain stable even when moving

8. Agility

The ability to move and change direction quickly.

9. Reaction time

It is the amount of time it takes to make a physical response once

you see the need to take action.


Body Mass Index (Weight)

Body Mass Index as stated earlier will help us to know the nutritional status of each student, whether they have normal weight are overweight or obese, or underweight or malnourished.

The Body Mass Index is the sum total of your height and weight.

Stature (Height)

Accuracy in getting the height of each student is very important to be able to attain the correct Body Mass Index (BMI). This can be done with the aid of a tape measure. Measure the height of the student from the floor to the top of his head.

Sitting Heights

Sitting heights is the distance from the buttocks up to your head. Your sitting height can be measured while you are sitting. Your head, neck and the trunk are being measured..

Arm Span

Arm span refers to the length of your arm from the tip of your right middle finger to the tip of your left middle finger which are extended at shoulder level against a firm wall.


Partial Curl-Ups

Partial Curl-ups is a test for abdominal muscle and good posture because the hips are properly aligned and the students does not experience back pain particularly at the lower back.

Trunk Lift

This test is performed to test the strength and flexibility of the extensor muscles of your lower back.

Right Angle Push –ups

Right angle push -ups is a test for the upper body muscles and arm strength and endurance.


Sit and Reach

Sit and reach is a test for flexibility of the hamstring muscles (Back of the thigh). The purpose of this test is to determine a healthy back and prevent hyperextension of the knee.